Wabanaki Studies

dawnWabanaki Study Lessons

Original lessons for Middle School and above to support the study of the Wabanakis of Maine. 

Find lessons from other online and print sources at Online & Print Resources

Note to teachers: .doc and .pdf document files are to be downloaded. Use the right-click (Windows) or control-click (Mac) to do this.

Indian Stereotypes

lessons focused specifically on stereotyping and racism

Teaching Wabanaki Studies

New to Wabanaki studies? This condensed site will provide introductory lessons, readings, and food for thought.

Wabanaki Studies Unit

8-lesson unit covering historical, economic, geographical and social topics - 65 pages, including organizers, rubrics and assessments

.doc file only


links to timeline resources and lessons - includes:

A Teaching Timeline for Wabanaki Studies

Short answer and study questions, debate topics - .doc, .pdf

Introduction to Sovereignty

a short group simulation activity to introduce late elementary and middle school students to this difficult concept - simulates European & Maine state land claims and group decision-making, resources claims

Word .doc file
.pdf file

Powerful Words

a WebQuest focused upon counteracting the language of bias through a study of Wabanaki culture - includes student resources grouped by topic

Wabanaki Worldview - .doc, .pdf

Key Concepts for Middle School Outlined

Teacher Resource

Passamaquoddy Uses of the Land

Lesson and organizers to support a background reading on the use of the Land & Resources from the Passamaquoddy Teaching Kit - this lesson can be used for vocabulary or concept study

Lesson: .doc (with organizers)
.pdf (lesson only)
Concept Web: .pdf
Student Organizers:.pdf

Mapping the Wabanaki

Lessons and resources for mapping the ancestral and contemporary Wabanaki lands and settlements


a "warm-up" game using word cards from Wabanaki study and stories - can be used to introduce Wabanaki languages

All-Cultures Chart
(to be used with Worldview)

Lesson: .doc, .pdf
Organizer: .doc, .pdf

Word Scatter

Worksheet - .doc, .pdf
Teacher's Guide - .doc, .pdf

to be used as part of a K-W-L lesson

Ecology & Economy

a lesson using reading passages and a list of Native Contributions to explore the pre and post-Contact interrelationships between ecology, economy, and culture

MEA Prep Sample
A Cultural Collision - 1769

.doc, .pdf

historical passage with questions that can be used for MEA or CBEA prep

Seasonal Migration

understanding the seasonal calendar and its effects on economy

to be used with Ecology & Economy

The Treaty of 1818

A document based lesson in Penobscot history and geography

Lesson - .doc, .pdf
Organizer for students - .doc, .pdf

Lesson includes links to online resources

The Penobscot Land Transfer of 1833

A document-based lesson in Penobscot history, including links to online resources

Lesson Version 1 (reading questions) - .doc, .pdf
Organizer 1 for students - .doc, .pdf
Organizer 2 for students - .doc, .pdf

Lesson Version 2 (IEPC guided reading lesson) -
.doc, .pdf

History Circles organizer can be used to track the chronology of the narratives:  .doc, .pdf

The Four Cards

a classroom simulation of Wabanaki history based upon
The Four Slips



Stereotypes in

The Sign of the Beaver

Stereotypes: What Do You Think?
(an independent reading lesson)

Pinpointing the Stereotypes
(this lesson does not require students to read the entire novel)

The Sign of the Beaver

Reading for Fact and Fiction
Lesson - .doc, .pdf

Organizer - .doc, .pdf
Teacher's Guide - .doc, .pdf
(in progress)

Wabanaki Stories

resources and lesson plans


drawing of waves

Elizabeth Sky-McIlvain
Updated 4/24/08